Posts Categorized: South Nasioi

Cocoa the backbone for enterprise in South Nasioi

770-cocoa-tree-nasioiBy Gideon Davika

South Nasioi constituency is one of the areas in Kieta district that is a major producer of cocoa for Bougainville.

There are a good number of businessmen who are emerging out from South Nasioi who are bringing back much needed services to the community to meet the basic needs and wants for the locals.

Most of the entrepreneurs within the constituency have a history of once being cocoa growers and have cocoa plantations as the back bone, which supports them towards improving their other small businesses.

One of the businessmen, by the name of Carney, has a wholesale business back in the village and has PMV trucks which operate from South Nasioi to Arawa.

770-cocoa-deliveryHe started his business from a small financial capital which he got from harvesting cocoa from his cocoa plantation.

Carney said that his cocoa plantation has helped him a lot to extend his business from a small trade to a wholesale which supplies cargoes to other small trade stores within the constituency.

Eeko is also another family business that was also started in a similar manner. The company has retail, wholesale and a hardware stores which supply building materials and variety of other hardware goods.

One of the small trade store owner by the name of Vincent Daudee said that local businesses with wholesale stores have made it easier for them to get goods, which they buy from Arawa. He said that the prices are similar to the wholesalers in Arawa and the cost is ultimately cheaper because delivery of the cargo is free.

770-cocoa-treeThere are many cocoa farmers in South Nasioi who harvest huge quantities of cocoa. When the price is good these farmers can as much as K10,000 from dry beans, which they sell it to the local buyers. While some reinvest, most keep the money and others concentrate on such things as building their homes and buying stuff for their families.

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South Nasioi Council of Elders closes in on resolution to Domakung/Wida conflict

By Gideon Davika


In recent times the Domakung/Wida in South Nasioi has gone through terrible violence related to sorcery and land which involved killings and burning of houses and a process is underway to restore peace and normality to the area.

743-south-nasioi-peaceThe crimes, which occurred within a short period of time, stunned the South Nasioi Council of Elders, Domakung/Wida chiefs and ex-combatants in Kieta district.

The South Nasioi Council of Elders (COE) stepped in immediately and held a meeting at Roroeinang United Church mission.

This was followed by declaration of ceasefire on the 17th of December last year and, on that same day, a fourteen person high powered committee comprised of representatives from the seven main clans in the area was set up to negotiate peace and eventually agreed to the disposal of weapons in the area.

Ex-combatants within Kieta district was also present at the meeting. Former Bougainville Revolutionary Army General, Sam Kauona said at the meeting that they have worked hard and took many years to build peace on Bougainville and it could take one day to destroy it. He also said that they must be cautious in how they behave in the community, because these few remaining years are very crucial as Bougainville strives to get its referendum.

Peter Karatapi, the chairman of the committee, said that they based their peace building strategy on traditional peace building concepts since the problem occurred in the rural area and some of the victims were also illiterate and cannot understand the laws of the government.

743-domakung-widaThe peace process was started with Karebake, which means ceasefire and agreement, and it was agreed by members and representatives of the two warring parties on the 17th December last year. It was done in a traditional way and two bows and arrows were exchanged and women spoke on behalf of the parties agreeing on the peace and security for all the warring parties and the community as well.

Then it was followed by Mera Tapong, the laying down of arms, on the 20th of January this year at Roreinang United Church Mission. On this stage, the two opposing parties agreed and surrendered their arms to the chiefs.

The guns will remain in the hands of the chiefs until May 2016 when resolution will be passed on final fate of the weapons.

After that they identified the root causes of the problems, in traditional terms known as Miong. A dispute over land was considered as the root of the problems which led to the sorcery killings.

There are about six stages that the committee are yet to go through. The last stage in the process is Napo Kani Kani; rebuilding, reconciliation and rehabilitation.


The committee are working very hard to resolve the issue and restore normality to life and also to ensure the safety of the Domakung/Wida community.

The member of South Nasioi Constituency, Simon Dasiona MP, also continues to support the committee financially as they progress with this process.

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The origin of the coconut palm

In 1911, a German professor, Ernst Frizzi, travelled to Bougainville on an ethnographic expedition. He was one of the first Europeans to show an interest in understanding and documenting traditional culture in the region.

The following legend, from the Nasioi area of central Bougainville, was recorded by Frizzi on his journey.

A man called Memetu always caught many fish in the sea, while the other men from his place near Numa Numa were not favoured by the same luck.

One day Memetu got lost in the forest and came to some ghost roads, where he met two ghosts (Paro). They expressed a wish that they should do well in catching fish. Memetu replied to them that some time ago the fish had left the water, and that he could no longer catch any.

The ghosts did not believe him, however wanting to convince themselves (and because they were ignorant of fishing) they drowned in the sea.

A Koki (Frizzi notes this bird as a cockatoo, but Ishmael Paliapl has corrected this, stating the Koki is a blackish-brown bird with long legs that catches near water), which observed the two spirits felt sorry and flew up and stabbed them in the abdomen with her beak to immediately let the water run out, and both returned home again.

Now they knew, however, that there were many fish in the sea and that they had been deceived by Memetu. Therefore afterwards they wanted to kill and eat him.

When they came to him with this intention, Memetu recognized the danger immediately and sought save himself. When the ghosts approached him, he cooked a pig in his pot and invited the two spirits to participate in his meal. It tasted so good to them.

They knew as little about catching pigs as they knew about fish and they therefore asked Memetu what methods he used to catch a pig.

Memetu answered that one must climb a tree and wait for a pig to go past. From above one can jump down and catch it well and truly.

The paros obeyed these instructions and thereby fell from the tree.

Realising that they had been deceived again, they decided to go ahead with the revenge that they was already planned.

When they returned again to Memetu with this intention, he had decorated himself with a beautiful hat and his face was painted with rich colour.

This pleased the ghosts very much and they wanted to know what these things were for. Memetu, who was prepared, answered that this was also necessary to catch pigs. He apologized, saying that he had previously forgotten.

Immediately believing Memetu’s words, which were (once again) a fat lie in order to finally get rid of them, the ghosts went away.

Unbeknownst to Memetu, the two ghosts had both determined that as long as he remained alive Memetu had little prospect to see his native village again since he didn’t know the way back. They would only show him the way if he instructed the ghosts on how one catches fish and pigs.

However he didn’t want to reveal his secret.

“Look at the large pot over here hanging on the fire, in which I cook my pig each evening,” Memetu told the ghosts.

“I have only just taken out some tasty pig from the pot. If you now want some, you must also jump into the pot and once you are inside, I will give further details.”

The ghosts were hardly in the pot when Memetu stoked up a blazing fire. It was tremendously hot and the ghosts screamed loudly.

“Look for the hat and colour and adorn yourself with it,” Memetu said before he tied up the pot with palm leaves as the ghosts burned inside.

Memetu now climbed a high tree and as he looked around he saw many places, and in this way he again found his home village and was very happy.

His wife Tubuani was delighted to see him again as she had already considered him dead since he had been a long time away from home.

After remaining home for five months Memetu wanted to return to the place where he had burned the ghosts. But to his big surprise he found two completely unknown things: two small coconut palms.

About a year later he once again visited the same place and there were already many stately trees whilst nuts lay everywhere on the ground.

Memetu’s dog, which he had taken with him, this time barked at the unknown nuts (which is why they are called Mau). The dog ate the nut. Memetu also tried them and took some coconuts home for his wife.

In this way the coconut spread and benefited the whole island. Only a few places in the interior of the country are excluded.

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Bazaar brings Kurai community together

By Tevu Tenasi

717-grace-paul Ms Grace Paul, Kurai Women’s Association chairlady, addresses the crowd at the bazaar.

While everyone else was relaxing celebrating the Christmas and New Year festive season, the Kurai women in South Nasioi constituency were getting active.

Kurai Women’s Association comprises of 5 groups, Manuatavu, Eko, Kompani, Ponsinae and Osivotu.

It dawned on them the idea of earning a little cash to support their families, especially during the year ending festive season.

Through their chairlady, Miss Grace Paul, a mini-bazaar was the best suitable means of meeting their needs.

Held over two days the mini-bazaar brought the whole community together during the Christmas and New Year celebration.

The main highlights of the fundraiser were item sales at each stall including crafts, sewing and food, which kept the mothers busy, self-reliant and productive.

According to Ms Paul, the main aim of hosting such an important event was to enable mothers to earn funds to support their families during the festive season and also to cater children’s school fee needs.


The event also brought some of their political leaders together. Constituency leader Mr Simon Dasiona, ABG Central Women’s Representative Ms Marcelline Kokiai, Mr David Maliku and other local leaders all contributed through their presence at the event.

In her official opening speech Ms Kokiai said that Women are to be supported in the community because life begins with them. On the other hand she also encourage women to pursue education on much higher standards so that they help their communities.

Mr Dasiona mentioned that parents are entirely responsible for their children and not to rely heavily on government funding.

“Parents: utilise cash crops such as cocoa and copra to meet your basic needs; don’t wait for government funding all the time,” Mr Dasiona told the crowd.

A challenging speech by Mr David Maliku also brought attention to law and justice. He talked about problems arising from alcohol and other drugs like marijuana, which are affecting most communities in Bougainville.

The second and final day of the event was closed with traditional and contemporary dances and live musical performances.

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Kurai Primary celebrates its most successful year

By Tevu Tenasi


As the time came for all schools in Bougainville and Papua New Guinea to end their academic year, one little village school within South Nasioi Constituency celebrated an achievement in the relatively short history of the school.

Kurai Primary School was one of the new schools registered just after the Bougainville crisis, with the region seeing the need and importance of education for Bougainville’s future.

This school made history this year when one of its grade 8 scored the highest mark in the final examination, with the score of 126 out of 150 points. This ranked the school third in Kieta district and first within their constituency.


16 year old Ms Lisalyne Detoava was the one who turned over the new leaf in the school’s history. Her achievement brought happiness to the school and community, but most of all to her class teacher and her parents.

The official programme to wrap up the school year began with the marching of the graduates and invited guest speakers, followed by a flag raising ceremony.

In her closing remarks the head teacher at Kurai Primary, Mrs Claire Marko, mentioned that the school had ended the academic year well despite ups and downs faced so far.

Guest of honour and former Catholic Education Secretary, Mr John Narevo, mentioned that he was proud of that the school he helped register has done well so far.

In his speech Mr John Narevo also challenged the parents and citizen of Kurai to take ownership of the school.


“It is my challenge to you all that, if we are to see a change in Kurai, let us all make it our business to support our school,” Mr Narevo said.

“To the graduating students, especially those who will not be selected in grade 9,you are a recognised person by the education department through the attainment certificate you will receive today.

“By all means tap into the informal education sector and build from there, don’t be let down.”

School board Secretary and treasurer Mr Robert Novoita also challenged the passing students.

“It is a challenge to those of you who will be selected for a place in grade 9,” Mr Novoita told the sutdents.

“Be self-disciplined, of good moral conduct and strive with an aim.”


The final speech, from grade 8 class teacher Mrs Susan Tenasi, mentioned that she was more than happy with the achievement of the passing student.

“What we reap today was what we planted at the beginning of this years,” Mrs Tenasi said.

“I would like you all to continue with that good spirit so that you can contribute well to the future of Bougainville.”

The ceremony wound down with entertainments from traditional singsing groups.

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Small scale mines operate at gold deposits throughout the region

595-gold-conveyorBy Gideon Davika

Local people in Central and South Bougainville are now discovering gold deposits in new areas outside of Panguna and the old mine at Kupe which was started by German settlers.

In the Central region newly discovered gold deposits are Dangtangnai in Kokoda Constituency, Komana in South Nasioi Constituency and Isina in Kongara Constituency.

In South Bougainville in Buin gold has been discovered at the foot of Mount Leuro in the Konnou constituency.

The local miners in most areas are using conveyors and gold washing dishes to extract the gold.

However in the Konnou one particular group from Tobago, lead by ex-combatant Damien Koige, uses hired machines to dig and make stockpiles.

In some areas, such as Komana and Isina, small scale mining has been banned due to issues such as water pollution and land disputes.

A village leader from Isina, David Dapoung, stated that washing gold has been banned in their area because the water becomes dirty every day.

“This land is our customary land,” said Mr Dapoung.

“We don’t want people to dig here and there and spoil our land which is for our future generation.”

Most of the locals in that area suggested that gold which is found on their land shouldn’t be dug but kept as their treasure.

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New library for Darutue Primary

By Junior Karatapi


After some years of hardship Darutue Primary School has come to open a new library which will support the learning of the children and the teachers.

Students, teachers, parents and guardians witnessed the opening ceremony of the new library with smiles on their faces.

Darutue Primary is located at the Upper Aropa’nari, a three hour drive from Arawa town. It is one of the six primary schools in the South Nasioi area and the only school run by the Seventh Day Adventist church. Students who attend this primary school are often selected to go to Asitabi, Mabiri, Arawa and Devare.

Present at the opening ceremony was South Nasioi MP John Ken, David Sisito, the ABG Minister for Veteran Affairs, and Otto Noruka. The guests were welcome with singsing kaur and other traditional dances performed by lovely young boys from Namporung Village.

During speaking his speech the Hon. David Sisito encouraged the students to prioritise their studies and stressed the importance of education.

He told all in attendance that Bougainville would need more human resources in the future and that education is for life, as knowledge is the most valuable thing in this world. Therefore students should not take their studies and education for granted.

With this library it is expected that the number of students passing through grade 8 will be increased.

A library is a necessity at a school for learning to take place effectively, as this is a place where students carry out their study and research. Teachers and students also gain extra knowledge from spending time in the library, reading different types of books according to their own needs.

At Darutue Primary School everything is going well under the supervision of the school chairman, Mr Abel Tanumei. He is making sure that all the students get the fair education and the teachers receive the great respect which they deserve.

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Cell coverage comes to South Nasioi as dispute is resolved

By Gideon Davika

The South Nasioi Constituency in Kieta District was one of the areas in Bougainville that did not receive cellular coverage when the Digicel network arrived on Bougainville.

For the past few years the company has attempted to put up towers in the area, but disputes over land among landowners led to repeated vandalism and destruction of the infrastructure.

Mid-last year the company conducted proper research and negotiations with the landowners. As a result they were finally able to establish three towers on high ground to bring coverage to the region.

The three towers were launched at the beginning of this year and now South Nasioi receives full network coverage and the community is enjoying the benefits.

One older person, Thomas Dikaung, said that now he can talk to his son, who is based in Rabaul. For years, with no network coverage, he spent what little money he had to pay a bus fare to go to town in order to talk to his son.

Now the people of South Nasioi have seen the importance of communication and they are protecting the towers from getting destroyed by a handful of lawbreakers.

Local village magistrates and chiefs held a meeting and came up with an agreement that anyone reported vandalising the towers will be handed over to the police.

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Oxfam delivers new water supply for two villages in South Nasioi

By Gideon Davika


The two villages in the South Nasioi Constituency are now enjoying a new water supply that was put in to their village at the beginning of this year.

For many years the people in the villages of Tooving and Wida lived in continuous struggle. They had to walk down and back up a steep valley to fetch water for cooking, drinking, laundry, and washing.

In 2014 a Seventh day Adventist Pastor, Dickson Siumana who was working in a local church wrote a proposal for the much needed project for the water supply that was lacking in those two villages.

The project cost K40,000 and has been funded by Oxfam, one of the non-government organisations operating in Bougainville, to help the communities and promoting healthy living. The provision of clean water is key objective for Oxfam in Bougainville and the local community was asked to raise only K4,000 to support the project.

All the surveys and implementation of pipes, tanks and taps were done by the plumbers working with the NGO.

One village leader, David Dau’dee, said that the community raised the K4,000 within four months last year by conducting small fundraising initiatives back in the two villages. He also said that in past years they had been requested the constituency members fund their water supply, but with no success.

Now their lives have been made easier with the establishment of the new water supply to their village. The villagers are happy because now they can fetch water right at their door step. Taps were also put in every household.

The project will be handed over to the community by May, in accordance with the Oxfam policy. When handover takeover takes place the community will be responsible for all the expenses for the repair and maintenance of the water supply.

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Market shelter opens at Kapanau Junction

By Junior Karatapi

The newly opened market shelter at Kapanau

A market shelter at Kapanau Junction  has been officially opened by the Minister for Veterans Affairs in Autonomous Bougainville Government, the Hon. David Sisito.

The opening of the market shelter, located in the South Nasioi constituency of central Bougainville, was made official on Friday November 14 2014. Mr Sisito attended on the behalf of the Regional Member Joe Lera, who was unable to attend because of other commitments.

At the Opening, David Sisito shared some of the thoughts with the people, including a brief on current political journey for Bougainville where touched mainly upcoming referendum in which Bougainville will decide its political destiny.

Public funding was provided for the market shelter by Joe Lera upon seeing mothers struggling to sustain their lives selling goods under sago houses and some under trees shade for meagre income. He was happy to sign a cheque totalling K50,000 for whole shelter to be built and completed.

Kapanau Junction is the central place for such areas as Upper Aropanari, Lower Aropanari, Siaang’nari, Boropa, Dumva Village and Paraianoo. Mothers from all of the areas and communities travel there to sell their produce. They sell mainly garden foods, vegetables, fruit, and nuts. People especially, from Lower Aropanari where demand for vegetables is high, often have to come to this market and grab the bundles of Choko, Aibika, and cabbages for breakfast and dinners. The price charged fair and affordable for all the produce.

During the opening ceremony Mr Sisito told the people that the onus is now on them to look after services provided by their representatives. He told them that Mr Lera is supportive and it is a privilege that their member recognised them.

It was a happy moment for mothers who celebrated the opening ceremony with traditional songs and cooked food.

The mothers who attended this ceremony came as far as Kurai, Doreinang, Dovii, Siaang, Boropa, and Dumpa Village.

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