By Eleanor Maineke
Buin is the headquarters of south Bougainville and is situated on the sea border which Papua New Guinea shares with the Solomon Islands, extends to the Laluai River on the eastern side and borders with the Siwai District to the west.
In the 2011 National Census of Housing and Population, Buin District had a total population of 34,074 persons living under 7 Councils of Elders (COEs) and this has likely increased of the last 3 years. The district is the most populous of the four south Bougainville districts, the others being Torokina, Bana and Siwai.
Thursdays and Saturdays are Buin town’s two market days each week.
On these two days, folks from the west (Siwai & Nagovis) and the east flood in great numbers to trade at the Buin Market.
Neighbours from the Solomon Islands also join the commercial transactions, bringing their seafood catches to sell at the market.
The Solomon Islanders are the regular sellers of fish. They arrive on Thursdays and Saturdays with their baskets full of fish to sell. They also spend some of their money on products they have difficulty accessing on their islands, primarily store goods such as rice, tinned-meat and other household necessities.